How to Deal with Primary Spinal Stenosis?

Narrowing of a spinal cord causes pressure or a strain of nerves and spinal cord. That is spinal stenosis. But, the neurological deficit of a spine can lead to several mild and severe symptoms, which is the main cause of concern. The fact is, several medical conditions and life factors lead to this spinal disorder. It can be caused by a form of arthritis, cysts, herniated discs, structural deformities, spondylolisthesis or Paget's disease of bone. So, it is best if you familiarise yourself with vital aspects of this medical condition.

Spinal stenosis is compression or narrowing of your spinal canal. This narrowing or duct or passageway can occur in cervical, thoracic or lumbar region of a spine. But, aging, genetics trauma to spine and accident make you very vulnerable to this medical condition. Unfortunately, there is no cure for spinal stenosis. A spine specialist can make an effort to provide functional status. But, it is completely possible to live a full and happy life with this medical condition. So, make the best shot to live a long and active life with this spinal disorder.

What are the types?

The types of this ailment are based on the vertebrae that are affected by this ailment. Since the spine is classified into three regions, so is this ailment. Thus, the three types of spinal canal stenosis are:

Cervical primary spinal stenosis

In this ailment, the spinal bones in neck region narrow down. This ailment is considered age-related and most commonly observed in the patients above the age of 50 years. Aging destroys cartilages or thickening of the bone ligaments that can lead to severe or mild neck pain, numbness and weakness

Lumbar spinal stenosis

It can be challenging to distinguish it from peripheral neuropathy secondary to diabetes, as they both have similar symptoms. Ankylosing spondylitis is another cause of the same ailment. No wonder, then, that several diagnostic tests are needed by spine specialists to determine it accurately.

Thoracic spinal stenosis

The pain in the mid back along with burning sensation is the most observed symptom for this ailment. Though there is variation regarding the region and causes, the choices for treatment are very similar.


There are three types of spinal stenosis. Each has its symptoms. For example; sciatica and lower back pain are the most common symptoms of lumbar spinal stenosis. A patient may experience tingling in legs and pain while walking. But, general signs of primary spinal stenosis are:

Pain: Based on the location of compression of a spine, a patient will experience back pain.

Nerve inflammation: Based on the pinched nerve, back pain is usually accompanied by other warning signs such as:

  • Numbness
  • Weakness
  • Tingling or burning sensation
  • Pains sensation in legs or arms
  • Pain in buttocks


The surgical options available are decompression surgery and spinal fusion surgery. Non-surgical and non-invasive therapies are preferred since they can elevate the pain more effectively. Operation is the last recommendation if the progressive nature of this ailment worsens and causes irreparable damage. But, visit a right spine clinic to receive a personalized spinal stenosis treatment that can use a combination of

  • Exercise
  • Drug therapy
  • Strength and endurance training
  • Physical therapy
  • Bracing
  • Hot and cold therapy

So, a right treatment can be an effective way to manage the pain and symptoms. But, the patient's medical history will be important in designing a treatment. It can offer functional status and a healthy lifestyle. But, exercising will remain an important part of regaining health.